Working With Communities
KHANA focuses its interventions on people who face particular vulnerability to HIV in Cambodia, as well as people who are already affected by the epidemic. As a result of the efforts of the RGC and its non-government partners, the HIV prevalence in the adult population fell from an estimated peak of 2.4% in 1998 to 0.8% in 2010. At this stage of the epidemic, it is vital to prevent a second-wave of infections by responding to evolving vulnerabilities. This is reflected in KHANA’s focused prevention work with entertainment workers, people who use drugs, transgender people, and men who have sex with men. In light of the increasing feminisation of the epidemic and the large proportion of new infections occurring in married women, KHANA also works with married couples. KHANA’s care, support and impact mitigation work targets people living with HIV and their families, including orphans and vulnerable children, and most at risk populations and their families.
By reaching out to these vulnerable populations and engaging them in programme design, implementation and evaluation, we have significantly increased their knowledge of HIV prevention, care and treatment. With greater self-esteem, groups have come together to demand rights to health services such as HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy, and to advocate against stigma and discrimination.
CHILDREN AFFECTED BY HIV:
PEOPLE WHO INJECT DRUGS/PEOPLE WHO USE DRUGS:
MEN WHO HAVE SEX WITH MEN / TRANSGENDER PEOPLE: The term ‘men who have sex with men’ describes males who have sex with males, regardless of whether or not they have sex with women or have a personal or social gay or bisexual identity. This concept is useful because it also includes men who self-identify as heterosexual but have sex with other men.