Inflammation of the liver caused by virus such as hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.
Fatigue, flu-like symptoms, muscle/joint pain, fever, nausea, itchy skin, dark urine, pale stool, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, unexplained weight loss, yellow skin and eyes, and/or jaundice.
If left untreated, some types of viral hepatitis may cause
swelling in the legs, confusion, blood in stool or vomit, chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, liver cancer, or liver failure.
Transmission depends on the type of virus causing the hepatitis. Hepatitis A and E are both transmitted via the faecal-oral route. Hepatitis B, C and D are transmitted via blood. Hepatitis B and D are also transmitted via other body fluids.
Good hygiene, safe sex, using single-use needles, and vaccinations can protect against hepatitis.
Treatment depends on the type of viral infection causing the hepatitis. Many are cured using antiviral drug therapies.